Review of Diffusion Research

Pranpreya Sriwannawit, Ulf Sandstrom Despite the fact that diffusion research has existed for more than one century, there is no quantitative review study that covers this subject in a broad and general context. This article reviews diffusion research by providing an extensive bibliometric and clustering analysis. We identify research trails and explain the characteristics of diffusion research using new methods. We contribute a methodology for the use of advanced mapping and clustering techniques in order to describe the research areas. This method produces a fairly good overview of diffusion research and can be applied to any knowledge field to replace or complement the traditional literature review.

Identifying emerging biorefinery technologies & potential markets: A technometric approach

Michael Novotny, Ulf Sandström Paper to the STI Conference in Berlin 2012. Biorefinery technologies have the potential to partly substitute oil, fossil and metal industries in a wide range of sectors in a near future (Kamm et al 2010; Axegård 2010). This paper is about meth- odologies and mapping of biorefinery technologies, constellations and potential markets thereof. The methodology is characterized by a technometric approach. The aim is, firstly, to track science and technology frontiers in the biorefining field and, secondly, to identify the key agents involved through bibliometrics of applied science and engineering, which then can be matched with patent data and tracking of demonstration plants close to commercialization. This paper has been guided by the theories on technological paradigms and socio-technical communities (Kuhn, 1962; Dosi 1982; Thagaard, 1986) epistemological communities (Haas, 1992) and learning communities (Wenger, 1998). On the basis of this theory we formulate a hypothesis predicting that traditional forest industry countries (high exports/share of GDP) may face a lock-in effect of concentration for research to traditional industries. Our results indicate that countries like Sweden, Finland, Austria, and Germany, which to a considerable extent have been the frontrunners of forest industry technologies both with regards to exports, production volumes, R&D new equipment, are at risk due to lock-in effects.

The effect of funding modes on the quality of knowledge production

Peter van den Besselaar, Ulf Sandstrom Do funding modes have an effect on the quality of knowledge production? In this paper we develop an approach to investigate this, using the new WoS field on funder data, using climate change research in Sweden and the Netherlands in 2009-2010 as a case. We firstly developed an operational definition of climate change research, and retrieved all WoS records for the countries and years mentioned. We developed a classification scheme for the funding organizations of 13 categories, using dimensions as top-down/bottom-up, large/small research, national/international, and public/private. Then all funding institutions were manually classified in the 13 categories. We then calculated the average impact of the papers for each of the funding categories. The results clearly show differences between the funder types, and also between the countries. The latter indicates that a funding mode may be organized in different ways affecting the effectiveness. Finally, we discuss further research.

Nanometrics A Technometric and Socio-Economic Analysis System to Support the Development of the European Nanotechnology Strategy Options Part 2: Case Studies

Ulf Sandström EUReport 25654. Public investments in nanotechnology have thus far largely supported fairly broad based scientific research. It is now time to take stock of the situation by synthesising the latest data available on research and economic activity in nanotechnology, to develop and follow-up indicators, and to formulate strategy options for a European nanotechnology R&D strategy. The NANOMETRICS study establishes a monitoring system that allows to collect data for monitoring the economic and innovation performance of a range of sectors of economy in which nanosciences and nanotechnologies do or could play a significant role. art I: Monitoring System, develops metrics to examine how nanoscale research, products, and markets are evolving over time. art II: Case Studies, presents detailed analyses of selected key domains

Bibliometrisk rapport: Internationell forskning med genusperspektiv på arbete

Ulf Sandstrom Arbetsmiljöverkets rapportserie 2013:1

Indikatorbaserad fördelning av statsanslag for forskning: har det fungerat?

Ulf Sandstrom, Ulf Heyman Rapport om det system för omfördelning av fakultetsmedel som regeringen införde med 2008 års forskningsproposition. Hur har det fungerat och vad har förändrats med detta nya system för resursomfördelning?

Skolnära forskning i ett europeiskt perspektiv

Ulf Sandström, Peter Jönsson Uppsatsen behandlar frågor om internationalisering av skolforskning och testar en hypotes om huruvida internationell penetration av området skolforskning korrelerar med PISA-resultaten. Knappast är väl svaret, men vem vet?

Beredningsorganisationens effekter på citeringsgrad och tvärvetenskap

Ulf Sandström Rapporten, skriven på uppdrag av forskningsrådet Formas, undersöker huruvida den nya organisationen av beredningsgrupperna påverkat mekanismerna för urval av forskare som får bidrag.

The Independence Indicator: Towards Bibliometric Quality Indicators at the Individual Level

Peter van den Besselaar, Ulf Sandström Paper to the STI 2012 in Montreal: Bibliometric indicators are increasingly used at the individual level as is exemplified by the popularity of the H-index. However, quite some research shows that these indicators hardly predict career decisions and decisions about grant applications. This suggests that in practice indicators based on productivity (publications) and impact (citations) are hardly policy relevant. We suggest that individual scholarly quality refers to other characteristics of the esearcher and his/her output. An obvious candidate is whether an early career researcher has become an independent scholar. We therefore propose the independence indicator, consisting of hree indicators to measure different dimensions of independence: one measuring whether a researcher has developed an own co-author network, another measuring the level of thematic independence of the researcher, and a third one for measuring the quality of the research focus. In this paper we focus on the first two. We use an example to show that these indicators are a step forward in measuring individual scholarly quality: whereas citations, publications and the H- ndex do not distinguish, the indicators for independence do.

Productivity Differences between Universities: Are Small and Regional Less Productive?

Ulf Sandström Paper to the STI 2012 conference in Montreal: re the high number of regional colleges and new universities a burden to the Swedish research system? This question is addressed by analyzing the relationship between input to and output rom Swedish higher education units in the period of 2008-2010. Normalization procedures are employed to compare research output between units with different research profiles. Common normalization procedures are used for citations, while a recently presented methoddâ€Field Adjusted Production, FAPPâ€is used to adjust publication output with regard to the average ublication rate of a Nordic researcher in the different disciplines. Using the FAP method, units are made comparable across different fields and can be measured in terms of productivity and resource efficiency. The aim of the paper is to find out whether there are differences in productivity (output / input) between the regional colleges on the one hand and the universities on the other. The results indicate that cost of producing one unit of research is slightly higher for the regional colleges, but the difference appears to have more to do with the share of competitive grants than university status or unit size. This suggests that, in university research, there are few f any economies of scale.